Among the small farces said to have been sketched by Molière during his stay in the provinces (of the Italian genre), two only which seem genuine have come down to us, and have been published for the last thirty years with his comedies. These are, La Jalousie du Barbouillé, and Le Médecin Volant. Molière has made use of the former in the third act of the comedy called George Dandin.
Le Barbouillé means the besmeared, because probably in former times the actor who played this part rubbed his face with flour. Moliere played the part of Le Barbouillé.