The first of the greater works of Molière was Les Précieuses Ridicules (The Pretentious Young Ladies) produced in 1659. In this brilliant piece Molière lifted French comedy to a new level and gave it a new purpose—the satirizing of contemporary manners and affectations by frank portrayal and criticism.
Les Précieuses Ridicules is a one act comedy in prose. This comedy was first acted at Paris, at the Théâtre du Petit Bourbon, on the 18th of November, 1659, and met with great success. Through the influence of some noble précieux and précieuses it was forbidden until the 2d of December, when the concourse of spectators was so great that it had to be performed twice a day, that the prices of nearly all the places were raised, and that it ran for four months together.
Mascarille was played by Molière.