Giovanni Boccaccio (1313 – 21 December 1375) was an Italian author and poet. He began writing in Naples. That is where he fell in love with the Fiammetta that he made famous in his work. Most of his Il Filostrato, which treats Troilus and Cressida’s love, has been translated by Chaucer.
In 1358 he completed his great work, Decameron. Bocaccio, along with Petrarch, who was his friend, were important Renaissance humanists. Boccaccio is particularly notable for his dialogue, of which it has been said that it surpasses in verisimilitude all of his contemporaries.
Boccaccio’s originality lies in his treatment of human characters who struggle with their lots in life and learn to overcome it. The noble person must accept life as it is, without bitterness, and must accept the consequences of his own action, however contrary to his expectation or even tragic they may be. Boccaccio treats humans humanly, that is, he recognizes both the human power and its limits, without reference to the possible intervention of divine grace.
Bocaccio died in 1375 from a heart condition.