Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 1759 – 9 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright. He wrote on esthetics and ethics, elaborating on the concept of the good, the beautiful, and the sublime. He was also particularly interested in the concept of human freedom.
In 1799, after he moved to Weimar from Jena, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Goethe persuaded him to switch back to playwriting, and they founded the Weimar Theater. It became the leading theater in Germany. Their relationship and their frequent discussions on aesthetics is referred to as Weimar Classicism.
Schiller is considered by most Germans the most prominent classical German playwright. His dramas include The Robbers (Die Räuber), Fiesco (Die Verschwörung des Fiesco zu Genua), Don Carlos, The Wallenstein Trilogy, Mary Stuart (Maria Stuart), The Maid of Orleans (Die Jungfrau von Orleans), The Bride of Messina (Die Braut von Messina) and William Tell (Wilhelm Tell).
He died of tuberculosis 1805, at the age of 45.