E. T. A. Hoffman (January 24, 1776 - June 25, 1822) is best known for his short stories, which were very influential in the 19th century. He is one of the major authors of the Romantic movement and is one the pioneers of the fantasy genre. Hoffmann's story Das Fräulein von Scuderi is sometimes cited as the first detective story and a direct influence on Poe's The Murders in the Rue Morgue. His masterpiece novel Lebensansichten des Katers Murr (The Life and Opinions of Tomcat Murr") deals with such issues as the aesthetic status of true artistry and the modes of self-transcendence that accompany any genuine endeavor to create.
He the author of the novella Nußknacker und Mausekönig (The Nutcracker and the Mouse King), on which the famous ballet The Nutcracker is based. The ballet Coppélia is based on two other stories that Hoffmann wrote, while Schumann's Kreisleriana is based on Hoffmann's character Johannes Kreisler.
He died in Berlin from progressive paralysis on June 25, 1822, at the age of 46.