Anatole France (alias for Jacques Anatole Thibault) (16 April 1844 – 12 October 1924) was born in Paris, the son of a bookseller. He began his career as a poet and a journalist. His first success was the journalistic Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard (1881). It won him a prize from the French Academy, of which he became a member in 1896. He signed Emile Zola's manifesto supporting Alfred Dreyfus.
In 1893 he published his most celebrated novel, La Rotisserie de la Reine Pedauque (1893). His later works include L'Île des Pingouins (1908), La Révolte des Anges (1914), often considered his most profound novel, telling the the story of the guardian angel of Mr. Maurice, who falls in love and joins the revolutionary movement of angels to overthrow God. His entire work was anathema to the Roman Catholic Church.
He was a successful novelist, with several best-sellers. Ironic and skeptical, he was considered in his day the ideal French man of letters. He won the 1921 Nobel Price in Literature. He died in 1924.