Molière (stage name of Jean-Baptiste Poquelin) (January 15, 1622 – February 17, 1673) was a French playwright and actor and was one of the greatest masters of comedy in literature. His best-known works include Le Misanthrope (The Misanthrope) (1666), L'École des femmes (The School for Wives) (1662), Tartuffe ou L'Imposteur, (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite) (1664), L'Avare (The Miser) (1668), Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid) (1673), Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (The Bourgeois Gentleman) (1670), and Les Femmes savantes (The Learned Ladies) of 1672.
He was born in Paris. At age 21, he decided to pursue his inclination and joined a theater company. In his 14 years in Paris, Molière wrote 31 plays performed by his company.
Molière is considered the creator of modern French comedy. Not only many words or phrases used in Molière's plays are still used in current French, but parts of dialogues have been imprinted into French people’s memory.
Molière died from pulmonary tuberculosis in 1973, at the age of 51.