Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer, artist, and politician. The Sorrows of Young Werther (1974) brought him worldwide fame at a very young age. During the years at Weimar before he met Schiller he began Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, and wrote the dramas Iphigenie auf Tauris (Iphigenia in Tauris), Egmont, Torquato Tasso, and the fable Reineke Fuchs.
He met Friedrich Schiller in 1788 and the relationship got closer in 1788, after which they became friends, collaborated, and met and exchanged views on aesthetics. This fruitful collaborative period lasted until Schiller’s death in 1805.
He published Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, the verse epic Hermann and Dorothea, Wilhelm Meister's Journeyman Years, the Roman Elegies and the verse drama The Natural Daughter. After Schiller's death, appeared Faust Part I, Elective Affinities, the West-Eastern Divan, his autobiographical From My Life: Poetry and Truth which also includes some treatises on art.
He finished Faust Part II the year he died at the age of 82. Faust Part II was published posthumously.